Featured Breed

Prudent Pet Loves Chihuahuas

The Chihuahua is the smallest dog breed in the world, but don’t let their small size fool you.

Though Frenchies share similar traits with these other well-known breeds, you can always identify a Frenchie by its adorable, bat-like ears. It’s not surprising that French and English Bulldogs are often confused, as the Frenchie descended from its stocky British counterpart.
During the Industrial Revolution, lace makers left the U.K. and headed to France in search of work and many of them brought their small English Bulldogs with them. The tinier version of the English breed—especially the ones with erect, bat-like ears—quickly became popular among the people of France. By 1896, the dogs that had become known as “Bouledogues Français” were being shown at the Westminster Dog Show. Frenchies have soared in popularity since their debut over two hundred years ago, becoming one of the most popular dogs, not just in the United States but all over the world.
BRED FOR:
Companionship
ORIGINS:
Ancient Mexico

A fluffy pup

About Chihuahuas

Chihuahuas generally come in two varieties: smooth coat and long coat.

Smooth coat Chihuahuas don’t require much grooming — a weekly brushing does the trick — but they actually shed more than their long-haired counterparts. Long coat Chihuahuas require brushing at least two to three times per week to ensure their fur doesn’t get tangled or matted. Whether long- or short-haired, the Chihuahua’s coat can come in a wide range of colors and patterns. Some are a solid-color like white or tan, while others are marked or splashed.

Chihuahuas make ideal city dogs since they don’t require as much exercise as larger dog breeds. The exercise needs of most Chihuahuas can be fulfilled simply by running around the house. Though Chihuahuas generally prefer to be curled up inside with their favorite human (even when they live with a family, these pampered pooches tend to be especially loyal to one person), they do enjoy exploring outside. Just make sure they have a coat or sweater on if the weather is chilly — their tiny bodies need some extra help staying warm!

This toy breed may not require a lot of grooming or exercise but Chihuahuas still need a lot of training, care, and attention.
Notoriously demanding, it’s important to start training a Chihuahua when they are young; they will rule the roost if not trained properly from a young age. Their small, fragile frame and propensity for snapping mean Chihuahuas and small children are not a good combination. However, Chihuahuas can get along well with other dogs, provided these miniature mutts don’t rough house with larger breeds.

Owning a Chihuahua

Chihuahua Health

Chihuahuas have a long lifespan, averaging approximately 15 years.

Luckily Chihuahuas don’t often develop severe health issues, especially when they are young and cared for. Conditions like molera (a hole in the skull that occurs when bones in the fontanel are not firmly knit together) and hydrocephalus (the accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid that causes pressure on the brain) are relatively rare. But it is common for Chihuahuas to have minor health issues develop throughout the course of their lives. Conditions including hypoglycemia, pulmonic stenosis, and patellar luxation are often seen in Chihuahuas.

Major Chihuahua Health Concerns

  • Molera
  • Hydrocephalus
  • Cardiovascular disease

Minor Chihuahua Health Concerns

  • Hypoglycemia
  • Pulmonic stenosis
  • Patellar luxation
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At a glance

Chihuahua Characteristics

Height
  • Females: 6 - 9 inches
  • Males: 6 - 9 inches
Weight
  • Females: 3 - 6 pounds
  • Males: 3 - 6 pounds
Food
  • Approximately 3/4 to 1 cup of food per day
Activity Level
  • Moderately active

Covering your Chihuahua

Pet Insurance for Chihuahuas

Average-sized Chihuahuas have a lifespan of 14 to 18 years; they enjoy a long safe and healthy life.

Their life is a remarkably long lifespan for a dog. Since they live for such a long time, it’s inevitable that they will eventually develop health issues. Pet insurance for Chihuahuas is generally comparable in price to pet insurance for mixed breed dogs.

Since Chihuahuas, like all pure-bred dogs, are likely to eventually have hereditary issues, it is important to get pet insurance for a Chihuahua within the first 1-2 years.

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Rescue a puppy

Chihuahua Rescues

Looking to rescue a Chihuahua? Here are some of the top Chihuahua rescues in the country: